Gut bacteria make butyrate when they break down resistant starches. But the science of how you can boost it is proving to be personal.
While scientists mostly agree on the broad strokes of Tibet’s chaotic formation, the details — specifically whether or not the plateau grew taller after its initial formation — have remained something of a geologic riddle.
Since its successful landing this February, the Perseverance rover has been prowling Mars in search of signs of life, past or present. But determining whether microbe-shaped mineral blobs and filaments are truly microfossils is not always straightforward.
When they get close enough, certain bacteria share packets of DNA with each other in what essentially looks like a super intimate handshake or hug. This process is called bacterial conjugation, and it’s about as close as bacteria get to sex.
Meet Nitrosopumilus maritimus, which is capable of a never-before-seen oxygen synthesis method